Identification of corrosion and damage mechanisms

“Identification of corrosion and damage mechanisms by using Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Dispersive X-ray Microanalysis: Contribution to Failure Analysis Case Histories”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 55 (2014) 012015
G. Pantazopoulos, A. Vazdirvanidis
Emphasis is placed on the evaluation of corrosion failures of copper and machineable brass alloys during service. Typical corrosion failures of the presented case histories mainly focussed on stress corrosion cracking and dezincification that acted as the major degradation mechanisms in components used in piping and water supply systems. SEM assessment, coupled with EDS spectroscopy, revealed the main cracking modes together with the root-source(s) that are responsible for the damage initiation and evolution. In addition, fracture surface observations contributed to the identification of the incurred fracture mechanisms and potential environmental issues that stimulated crack initiation and propagation. Very frequently, the detection of chlorides among the corrosion products served as a suggestive evidence of the influence of working environment on passive layer destabilisation and metal dissolution.
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